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BAR CHARTS in Technical Analysis : ASC NCFM Academy Hyderabad

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About BAR CHARTS : Technical Analysis Training in Hyderabad

Stock Market Courses in Hyderabad : AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad, Ameerpet is Best Institute in Technical Analysis Training  in Hyderabad, NCFM, NISM Courses like Capital Market Dealers Module, Equity Derivative Certification Examination (NISM-8), Commodities Market Module, Technical Analysis Module, Fundamental Analysis Module,  NSE Certification Courses and NISM Certification Courses.

 

BAR CHARTS

  • The bar chart (High-Low-Closing Chart) Analysis is very popular method in Technical Analysis.
  • And another bar chart (Open-High-Low-Closing Chart) Analysis is also popular method in Technical Analysis.
  • In this bar chart High-Low-Closing prices of the day are plotted on day today basis in the form of a bar.
  • The top of the bar would represent the high price of the day the bottom of the bar would represent the low price of the day and a small horizontal hash on the right of the bar would represent the closing price of the day, and we plotted another horizontal hash to the left hand side of the bar as opening price of the day.
  • Bars are basically divide into two types, One is Upward Bar and other one is Downward Bar, I shown below:-

 

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Line charts in Technical Analysis : AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy

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About Line Chart in Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad

Stock Market Course: AS Chakravarthy NCFM Courses in Hyderabad

 

The entire Technical Analysis broadly divided in to Three types, one is purely chart analysis and second is chart analysis with the help of indicators (here indicators means leading indicators & lagging indicators) and third Theories.

CHAPETER -I

PURELY CHARTS ANALYSIS:

For Chart Analysis we follow 3 types of charts.

Stage 1. Line Charts Analysis:– For Long term Trends Identification & Short term Trends identification

Stage 2. Bar Charts Analysis:- To know Trend reversals in short term

Stage 3. Candlestick Charts Analysis:- To know Trend reversal in short term

 

STAGE I:  LINE CHARTS:

The Line charts drawn with the help of closing prices. These line charts are plotted on daily, weekly and monthly closing price basis.

  • In the daily charts we use daily data and for the weekly and monthly charts we use weekly and monthly data respectively.
  • The prices are plotted on the XY Chart; where the X axis represents the time and Y axis represent the value of the Scrip.
  • One more important point the X axis represents the actually trading days and not the calendar days.
  • Here in technical analysis we discuss different types of trends (Direction of Movement) and patterns (Models or Shapes) with the help of line charts.

AS. CHAKRAVARTHY NCFM ACADEMY Hyderabad is the excellent Institute NISM NCFM Courses in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

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Definition of Company : Stock Market Courses in Hyderabad

Expert Technical Analysis Training by AS Chakravarthy - NISM NCFM Academy Hyderabad

Definition of Company : Stock Market Courses in Hyderabad

Technical Analysis Course Training in Hyderabad

Definition of  Company:

Company is an artificial person created by Law and having separated legal entity with a perpetual succession, common seal and liability is limited.

Characteristics of a Company

Company is having the following Characteristics:

  • Separate Legal entity
  • Limited Liability
  • Perpetual Succession
  • Common Seal
  • Transferability of Shares
  • Separate Property

Separate Legal Entity

A company is in law regarded as an entity separate from its members. It has an independent corporate existence.

Any of its members can enter into contracts with it in the same manner as any other individual can and he cannot be held liable for the acts of the company even if he holds virtually the entire share capital.

The company’s money and property belongs to it and not to the shareholders (although the shareholders own the company)

Limited Liability

A company may be a company limited by shares or a company limited by guarantee. In a company limited by shares, the liability of members is limited to the unpaid value of the shares.

Perpetual Succession

Being an artificial person a company never dies, nor does its life depend on the life of its members. Members may come and go but the company can go on forever. It continues to exist even if all its members are dead. The existence of company can be terminated only by law.

It means that a company’s existence persists irrespective of the change in the composition of its membership.

Common Seal

Since a company has no physical existence, it must act through its agents and all such contracts entered into by its agents must be under a seal of the company. The common seal acts as the official signature of the company.

Transferability Of Shares

The capital of a company is divided into parts called shares. These shares are, subject to certain conditions, freely transferable, so that no shareholder is permanently wedded to the company. When the join stock companies were established the great object was that the shares should be capable of being easily transferred.

Separate Property

As a company is a legal person distinct from its members, it is capable of owning, enjoying and disposing of property in its own name. Although its capital and assets are contributed by its shareholders, they are not the private and joint owners of its property. The company is the real person in which all its property is vested and by which it is controlled, managed and disposed of.

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the ultimate Institute for Stock Market Courses in Hyderabad, NCFM course in Hyderabad, Technical Analysis Course Training in Hyderabad, NISM training in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

 

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Differences between Pvt. Limited Company and Public Limited Company

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Differences between Pvt. Limited Company and Public Limited Company

Stock Market Training Courses in Hyderabad

Differences  between Pvt. Limited Company and Public Limited Company as below: 

Basis for Comparison Public Limited Company

Private Limited Company

Meaning A public company is a company which is owned and traded publicly. A private company is a company which is owned and traded privately.
Minimum members 7 2
Maximum members Unlimited 200
Minimum Directors 3 2
Minimum paid up capital Rs. 5 Lakh Rs. 1 Lakh
Suffix Limited Private Limited
Start of business After receiving certificate of incorporation and certificate of commencement of business. After receiving certificate of incorporation.
Statutory Meeting Compulsory Optional
Issue of prospectus / Statement in lieu of prospectus Obligatory Not required
Public subscription Allowed Not allowed
Quorum at AGM 5 members must present in person. 2 members must present in person.
Transfer of shares Free Restricted

 

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the ultimate Institute for Stock Market Training Courses in Hyderabad, NCFM course in Hyderabad, Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad, NISM training in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

 

 

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Equity Shares group classification in BSE: NCFM Courses in Hyderabad


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Stock Training in Hyderabad: Equity Shares groups classification in BSE

Stock Market: NISM Coaching in Hyderabad

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), India’s leading stock exchange, has classified Equity scrips into categories A, B1, B2, S, T, TS, & Z to provide guidance to the investors. The classification is on the basis of several factors like market capitalization, trading volumes and numbers, track records, profits, dividends, shareholding patterns, and some qualitative aspects.

As on February 2008 following criterion are used for classifying stocks into various categories by the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

What is “Group A” classification of BSE?

It is the most tracked class of scrips consisting of about 200 scrips. Market capitalization is one key factor in deciding which scrip should be classified in Group A.

At present there are 216 companies in the A group

What is “Group S” classification of BSE?

The Exchange has introduced a new segment named “BSE Indonext” With Effect from   January 7, 2005. The “S” Group represents scrips forming part of the BSE-Indonext segment. “S” group consists of scrips from “B1 & B2″ group on BSE and companies exclusively listed on regional stock exchanges having capital of 3 crores to 30 crores. All trades in this segment are done through BOLT system under S group.

What is “Group Z” classification of BSE?

The “Z” group was introduced by the Exchange in July 1999 and includes the companies which have failed to comply with the listing requirements of the Exchange and/or have failed to resolve investor complaints or have not made the required arrangements with both the Depositories, viz., Central Depository Services (I) Ltd. (CDSL) and National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) for dematerialization of their securities.

What are Group B1 & B2 classification of BSE?

All companies not included in group A, S orZ are clubbed under this category. B1 is ranked higher than B2.

B1 and B2 groups will be merged as a single Group B effective from March 2008.

What is Group T classification of BSE?

It consists of scrips which are traded on trade to trade basis.

What is Group TS classification of BSE?

The “TS” Group consists of scrips in the BSE-Indonext segments which are settled on a trade to trade basis as a surveillance measure.

Besides these equity groups there are two other groups i.e. Fixed Income Securities (Group F) and Government Securities (Group G)

A.S. CHAKRAVARTHY NCFM ACADEMY Hyderabad is the ultimate Institute, Stock Market, NCFM, NISM Training in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

Keywords: BSE, Group Classification, Equity Scrip, Share, Stock Market Training in Hyderabad, NISM Coaching in Hyderabad, AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad.

SOURCE 

sources: Article taken from http://finmanac.blogspot.com/

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Technical Analysis Course Hyderabad: About Stock Market Terminology

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Technical Analysis Course Hyderabad: About Stock Market Terminology

Stock Market : NCFM Training in Hyderabad

Awareness about the Stock Market Terminology provided by AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad, Ameerpet is the leading institute training for Stock Market Courses NISM, NCFM, Fundamental and Technical Analysis courses in Hyderabad.

  1. COMPANY: Company is an artificial person created by Law and having separated legal entity with a perpetual succession, common seal and liability is limited.
  2. EQUITY SHARE: The part of something in a company is called Equity, professionals called as Share; it is having the right to receive and sharing the company’s profits in the form of Dividend.
  3. SHARE CAPITAL-Share capital consists of all funds raised by a company in exchange for shares of either common or preferred shares of stock. Share capital (is also called as shareholder’s capital, equity capital, contributed capital or paid-in capital) is the amount invested by a company’s shareholders for use in the business (In other words, share capital is equal to Face value of the share multiplied by the total no. of outstanding equity share o the company). A company that wishes to raise more equity can obtain authorization to issue and sell additional shares, thereby increasing its share capital.
  4. FACE VALUE OF SHARE – Face value is the nominal value (par value) of a Share stated by the issuer. For stocks, it is the original cost of the stock shown in the certificate.
  5. MARKET CAPITALISATION– It is calculated by multiplying the Market price of the company’s shares by the total no. of outstanding shares of the company.
  6. Initial Public Offer (IPO) is a source of collecting money from the public for the first time in the market to fund for its projects. In return, the company gives the share to the investors in the company.
  7. FPO– A follow-on public offer is an issuing of shares to investors by a public company that is already listed on an exchange. An FPO is essentially a stock issue of supplementary shares made by a company that is already publicly listed and has gone through the IPO process.
    For example, Google’s initial public offering (IPO) included both a primary offering (issuance of Google stock by Google) and a secondary offering (sale of Google stock held by shareholders, including the founders).
  8. PRIMARY MARKET– Primary market provides the opportunity to the issuers of securities, both Govt. and corporations, to raise resources to meet their requirements of investments. Securities in the form of equity or debt. can be issued in domestic/international markets at the face value, discounts or premium. The primary market issuance is done either through public issues or private placement.
  9. SECONDARY MARKET– Secondary market refers to a market where securities are traded after being offered to the public in the primary market or listed on the stock exchange. Secondary market comprises of equity, derivative and the debt markets. The secondary market is operated through 2 mediums, namely over the counter(OTC) market and the exchange traded market.
  10. BROKER (TRADING MEMBER)- A member in recognized Stock Exchange is called Broker. The main activity of the Broker is providing service to Buy & Sell the shares of the investors through Stock exchanges. Taking broking card on behalf of individual name, firm name and company name is possible.
  11. STOCK EXCHANGE (NSE & BSE). It’s a recognized trading platform to Buy and Sell the Shares through Brokers/Sub-Brokers.
  12. QIP PLACEMENTS– It’s a capital-raising tool, primarily used in India and other parts of southern Asia, whereby a listed company can issue equity shares, fully and partly convertible debentures, or any securities other than warrants which are convertible to equity shares to a qualified. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) introduced the QIP process through a circular issued on May 8, 2006, to prevent listed companies in India from developing an excessive dependence on foreign capital.
  13. FDI– Foreign direct investment or FDI is an investment made by a company or individual in one country in business interests in another country, in the form of either establishing business operations or acquiring business assets in the other country, such as ownership or controlling interest in a foreign company. A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. In simple terms, when any organization in one nation makes an investment in any organization in abroad, it is mostly called as foreign direct investment or FDI.
  14. FII– A foreign institutional investor or FII is an investor or investment fund registered in a country outside of the one in which it is investing. Institutional investors most notably include hedge funds, insurance companies, pension funds and mutual funds. Foreign Institutional Investors or FII refers to investors that are from other countries and that are investing in the Indian financial market. When any organization in abroad make investment in the market related to stock of a nation then this investor is called foreign institutional investor or FII.
  15. DII– Domestic Institutional Investors or DII refers to the Indian institutional investors who are investing in the financial markets of India (For example Stock Market).
  16. HNI– High net worth individual (HNI) is a classification used by the financial services industry to denote an individual or family with high net worth.
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AS Chakravarthy : Applying Shares through IPO in Primary Market KYC

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AS Chakravarthy NCFM Course in Hyderabad : KYC for IPO Primary Mkt

Stock Market Technical Analysis Training Hyderabad: AS Chakravarthy

At the time of applying for equity Shares, through Public Issue in Primary Market, SEBI has advised the Precautions to Investors, in the form of Know your client (KYC). These are as given below,

DO’s

  • Read the Prospectus/ Abridged Prospectus carefully, with special attention to:
    1. Risk factors
    2. Background of promoters
    3. Company history
    4. Outstanding litigations and defaults
    5. Financial statements
    6. Object of the issue
    7. Basis of Issue price
    8. Instructions for making an application
  • In case of any doubts/problems, contact the compliance officer named in the offer document.
  • In case you do not receive, within due period, the credit to demat account or refund of application money; lodge a complaint with the compliance officer of the issuer company and with the post-issue lead manager.

DON’Ts

  • Don’t be influenced by any implicit/explicit promise made by the issuer or anyone else.
  • Don’t invest only based on the prevailing Bull Run of the market index or of scrips of other companies in the same industry or scrips of the issuer company/group companies.
  • Don’t expect the price of the shares of the issuer company to necessarily go up upon listing, and forever.

 

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Keywords: Primary Market, KYC, Stock Market, Technical Analysis Training in Hyderabad, AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad, NCFM Course in Hyderabad.

 

Source : National Stock Exchange of India Ltd

 

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AS Chakravarthy NCFM course Hyderabad: Commodity exchanges-India

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Stock Market: NCFM Course in Hyderabad: Commodity exchanges-India

AS Chakravarthy : NISM NCFM Course in Hyderabad Ameerpet

AS.Chakravathy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the Best Institute for Commodity Market and Stock Market Training, NISM NCFM Course in Hyderabad, Fundamental and Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad, Ameerpet.

In India at present the main Commodity Exchanges and  Traded products are given below:

No.  Exchanges  Main Commodities
1 Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd., Mumbai* Gold, Silver, Copper, Crude Oil, Zinc, Lead, Nickel, Natural gas, Aluminium, Mentha Oil, Crude_Palm_Oil, Refined Soya Oil, Cardamom, Guar Seeds, Kapas, Potato,
Chana\Gram, Melted Menthol Flakes, Almond, Wheat,
Barley, Long Steel, Maize, Soybean Seeds, Gasoline US,
Tin, Kapaskhali, Platinum, Heating Oil
2  National Commodity & Derivative Exchange Ltd., Mumbai * Guar Seed, Soy Bean, Soy Oil, Chana,RM Seed, Jeera,  Turmeric, Guar Gum, Pepper, Cotton Cake, Long Steel,  Gur, Kapas, Wheat, Red Chilli, Crude Oil, Maize, Gold,Copper, Castor Seeds, Potato, Barley, Kachhi Ghani Mustard Oil, Silver, Indian 28 Mm Cotton, Platinum
3 National Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited, Ahmedabad  Rape/Mustard Seed, Guar Seeds, Nickel, Jute, Refined  Soya Oil, Zinc, Rubber, Chana\Gram, Isabgul, Lead, Gold, Aluminium, Copper, Turmeric, Copra, Silver, Raw Jute, Mentha Oil.
4 Indian Commodity Exchange Ltd, Gurgaon *  Gold, Crude Oil, Copper, Silver
5 National Board of Trade.  Indore. Soy bean, Soy Oil
6 Chamber Of Commerce., Hapur Gur, Mustard seed
7 Ahmedabad Commodity Exchange Ltd.  Castorseed
8 Rajkot Commodity Exchange Ltd, Rajkot  Castorseed
9 Surendranagar Oilseeds Association Ltd, S.Nagar  Cotton & Kapas
10 The Rajdhani Oil and Oilseeds Exchange Ltd., Delhi  Gur, Mustard Seed
11 Haryana Commodities Ltd.,Sirsa  Mustard seed, Cotton seed Oil Cake
12 India Pepper & Spice Trade Association. Kochi Pepper Domestic-MG1,Pepper 550 G/L,
13 Vijay Beopar Chamber Ltd.,Muzaffarnagar  Gur
14 The Meerut Agro Commodities Exchange Co. Ltd., Meerut  Gur
15 Bikaner Commodity Exchange Ltd.,Bikaner Guarseed,
16 First Commodity Exchange of India Ltd, Kochi  Coconut oil
17 The Bombay Commodity Exchange Ltd. Mumbai  Castor Seed
18 The Central India Commercial Exchange Ltd, Gwaliar Mustard seed
19 Bhatinda Om & Oil Exchange Ltd., Batinda. Gur
20 The Spices and Oilseeds Exchange Ltd., Sangli Turmeric
21 The East India Jute & Hessian Exchange Ltd, Kolkatta  Raw Jute
22 The East India Cotton Association Mumbai.  Cotton

Source: www.nseindia.com

You may also interested in reading about global commodity exchanges.

 

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AS Chakravarthy NCFM Course in Hyderabad : Forwards and Futures

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Stock Market : NCFM Course in Hyderabad : Forwards and Futures

AS Chakravarthy NISM NCFM : Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad

Forward contracts are often confused with futures contracts. The confusion is primarily because both serve essentially the same economic functions of allocating risk in the presence of future price uncertainty. However futures are a significant improvement over the forward contracts as they eliminate counterpart risk and offer more liquidity. Below Table lists the distinction between the forwards and futures contracts

 

Futures Forwards
Trade on an organized exchange OTC in nature
Standardized contract terms Customized contract terms
More liquid Less liquid
Requires margin payments No margin payment
Follows daily settlement Settlement happens at end of period

 

AS. CHAKRAVARTHY NCFM ACADEMY Hyderabad is the Popular Institute in Stock Market Courses like NISM NCFM Course in Hyderabad and Technical Analysis course in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

Source: www.nseindia.com

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Stock Market : NISM NCFM Course in Hyderabad : Types of Companies

Expert Technical Analysis Training by AS Chakravarthy - NISM NCFM Academy Hyderabad

Types of Companies : Stock Market : NISM NCFM Course in Hyderabad

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy : Stock Market Course in Hyderabad

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy is the ultimate training Institute in Stock Market Course in Hyderabad, NISM, NCFM Course in Hyderabad and Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad Ameerpet and coaching given in various modules like Capital Market, Derivative Market (NISM-8), Technical Analysis module, Fundamental Analysis and other popular modules.

Types of Companies are divided on various basis classified below:

(A) On the basis of incorporation:

On the basis of incorporation, companies can be classified as:

(i) Chartered companies:

The crown in exercise of the royal prerogative has power to create a corporation by the grant of a charter to persons assenting to be incorporated. Such companies or corporations are known as chartered companies. Examples of this type of companies are Bank of England (1694), East India Company (1600). The powers and the nature of business of a chartered company are defined by the charter which incorporates it. After the country attained independence, these types of companies do not exist in India.

(ii) Statutory companies:

A company may be incorporated by means of a special Act of the Parliament or any state legislature. Such companies are called statutory companies, Instances of statutory companies in India are Reserve Bank of India, the Life Insurance Corporation of India, the Food Corporation of India etc. The provisions of the Companies Act 1956 apply to statutory companies except where the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of the Act creating them. Statutory companies are mostly invested with compulsory powers.

(iii) Registered companies:

Companies registered under the Companies Act 1956, or earlier Companies Acts are called registered companies. Such companies come into existence when they are registered under the Companies Act and a certificate of incorporation is granted to them by the Registrar.

(B) On the basis of liability:

On the basis of liability the company can be classified into:

(i) Companies limited by shares:

When the liability of the members of a company is limited to the amount if any unpaid on the shares, such a company is known as a company limited by shares. In a company limited by shares the liability of the members is limited to the amount if any unpaid on the shares respectively held by them. The liability can be enforced during existence of the company as well as during the winding up. Where the shares are fully paid up, no further liability rests on them.

(ii) Companies limited by guarantee:

It is a registered company in which the liability of members is limited to such amounts as they may respectively undertake by the memorandum to contribute to the assets of the company in the event of its being wound up. In the case of such companies the liability of its members is limited to the amount of guarantee undertaken by them. Clubs, trade associations, research associations and societies for promoting various objects are various examples of guarantee companies.

(iii) Unlimited companies:

A company not having a limit on the liability of its members is termed as unlimited company. In case of such a company every member is liable for the debts of the company as in an ordinary partnership in proportion to his interest in the company. Such companies are not popular in India.

(C) On the basis of number of members:

On the basis of number of members the company can be classified into:

(i) Private company:

A private company means a company which by its articles of association:

(i) Restricts the right to transfer its shares

(ii) Limits the number of its members to 200 (excluding members who are or were in the employment of the company) and

(iii) Prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe for any shares or debentures of the company.

(iv)Where two or more persons hold one or more shares in a company jointly, they are treated as a single member. There should be at least two persons to form a private company and the maximum number of members in a private company cannot exceed 200. A private limited company is required to add the words “Private Ltd” at the end of its name.

(ii) Public company:

A public company means a company which is not a private company. There must be at least seven persons to form a public company. It is of the essence of a public company that its articles do not contain provisions restricting the number of its members or excluding generally the transfer of its shares to the public or prohibiting any invitation to the public to subscribe for its shares or debentures. Only the shares of a public company are capable of being dealt in on a stock exchange.

(D) According to Domicile:

(i) Foreign company:

It means a company incorporated outside India and having a place of business in India.

According to Section 591 a foreign company is one incorporated outside India:

(a) Which established a place of business within India after the commencement of this Act or (b) Which had a place of business within India before the commencement of this Act and continues to have the same at the commencement of this Act.

(ii) Indian Companies:

A company formed and registered in India is known as an Indian Company.

(E) Miscellaneous Category:

(i) Government Company:

It means any company in which not less than 51 percent of the paid up share capital is held by the Central Govt, and/or by any State Government or Governments or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments. The subsidiary of a Government company is also a Government company.

(ii) Holding and subsidiary companies:

A company is known as the holding company of another company if it has control over another company. A company is known as subsidiary of another company when control is exercised by the latter over the former called a subsidiary company. A company is to be deemed to be subsidiary company of another

(a) If the other:

(a) Controls the composition of its Board of directors or

(b) Exercises or controls more than half of its total voting power where it is an existing company in respect where of the holders of preference shares issued before the commencement of the Act have the same voting rights as the holders of equity shares or

(c) In the case of any other company holds more than half in nominal value of its equity share capital or

(b) If it is a subsidiary of a third company which is subsidiary of the controlling company.

(iii) One man Company:

This is a company in which one man holds practically the whole of the share capital of the company and in order to meet the statutory requirement of minimum number of members, some dummy members hold one or two shares each. The dummy members are usually nominees of principal shareholder. The principal shareholder is in a position to enjoy the profits of the business with limited liability. Such type of companies are perfectly valid and not illegal.

 

Source: www.yourarticlelibrary.com

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List of Abbreviations: NISM – NCFM : Stock Market Course in Hyderabad

Expert Technical Analysis Training by AS Chakravarthy - NISM NCFM Academy Hyderabad

List of Abbreviations: NISM – NCFM : Stock Market Course in Hyderabad

Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad : AS Chakravarthy

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the pioneer Institute for Stock Market Course in Hyderabad, NCFM course in Hyderabad, Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana. They are providing coaching for Stock Market courses like NISM – NCFM, Technical and fundamental Analysis, Stock Trading and investments for short term and long term basis.

 

In Stock Market we generally used the abbreviations given in the List of Abbreviations as below:

ADs Authorised Dealers
AT Algorithmic Trading
AI Auction Inquiry
AL Activity Log
ASBA Application Supported by Blocked Amount
ADRs American Depository Receipts
AL Activity Log
AON All or None
BOVL Branch Order Value Limit
BSE Bombay Stock Exchange
BM Branch Manager
CADT Client Allocation Details
CDS Currency Derivatives Segment
CD Cum- Dividend
CB Cum- Bonus
CLI Client
CI Cum-Interest
CM Clearing Member
CR Cum- Rights
CSD Collateral Security Deposit
CDSL Central Depositories Services Ltd.
CM Capital Market
Co. Company
CTCL Computer to Computer Link
DEA Department of Economic Affairs
DFDS Demat Final Delivery Statement
DFRS Demat Final Receipt Statement
DMA Direct Market Access
DP Depository Participant
DPG Dominant Promoter Group
DQ Disclosed Quantity
DvP Delivery versus Payment
ECBs External Commercial Borrowings
EPI Early Pay-In
FCCBs Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
FI Financial Institution
FII Foreign Institutional Investors
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
F&O Futures and Options
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FPO Follow-on Public Offer
GDRs Global Depository Receipts
HUF Hindu Undivided Family
ICDR Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements
IEPF Investor Education and Protection Fund
IFSD Initial Free Security Deposit
INST Institutional
IOC Immediate or Cancel
IPO Initial Public Offer
IPF Investor Protection Fund
ISC Investor Service Cell
ISIN International Securities Identification Number
KYC Know Your Client
LTP Last Trade Price
MBP Market By Price
MAC Membership Approval Committee
MF Mutual Funds
MI Market Inquiry
MM Market Movement
MCA Member Constituent Agreement
MCA Ministry of Corporate Affairs
MRC Membership Recommendation Committee
MTM Mark To Market
MW Market Watch
NEAT National Exchange for Automated Trading
NCFM NSE’s Certification in Financial Markets
NCIT Non Custodian Institutional Trade
ND No Delivery
NISM National Institute of Securities Market
NOC No Objection Certificate
NSCCL National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd.
NSDL National Securities Depository Ltd.
NSE National Stock Exchange
NT Negotiated Trade
O L Odd Lot market
OCXL Order Cancellation
OTC Over The Counter
OECLOB Open Electronic Consolidated Limit Order Book
OO Outstanding Orders
OM Order Modification
OS Order Status
PAN Permanent Account Number
PCM Professional Clearing Member
PFRDA Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Fund
PRO Proprietary
PT Previous Trades
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RDD Risk Disclosure Document
RETDEBT Retail Debt
RDM Retail Debt Market
SAT Securities Appellate Tribunal
SBTS Screen Based Trading System
SC(R)A Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956
SC(R)R Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957
SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India
SL Stop Loss
SLBS Securities Lending and Borrowing Scheme
SGF Settlement Guarantee Fund
SQ Snap Quote
SRO Self Regulatory Organization
STT Securities Transaction Tax
SURCON Surveillance and Control
T+2 Second day from the trading day
TFT Trade for Trade
TFTS Trade for Trade Surveillance
TM Trading Member
UCC Unique Client Code
UDR Unique Documentary Requirement
UTI Unit Trust of India
UOVL User Order Value Limit
VaR Value at Risk
VIX Volatility Index
VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal
WDM Wholesale Debt Market
XB Ex- Bonus
XD EX-Dividend
XI Ex-Interest
XR Ex- Rights

Source : www.nseindia.com

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Who Regulates Financial Market Entities: asc NCFM Academy Ameerpet

Expert Technical Analysis Training by AS Chakravarthy - NISM NCFM Academy Hyderabad

NCFM Course in Hyderabad : Who Regulates Financial Market Entities

Stock Market : Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad

Who Regulates Financial Market Entities like Banks, Trading Member, Auditor, Mutual Funds, Venture Capital Funds etc., given below is a list of types of companies/ intermediaries/service providers in the financial market. The names of the relevant bodies that regulate them are given in the second column.

 

Type of Entity                                                           Regulatory body

Auditors                                                                          ICAI/CAG

Banks                                                                               RBI

Banks – Issue Collection                                               SEBI

Chit Funds                                                                      REGISTRAR OF CHIT FUNDS

Collective Investment Schemes                                  SEBI

Companies – All                                                             MCA/ROC

Companies – Listed                                                       MCA/ROC/SEBI/SE

Company Secretaries                                                    ICSI

Co-operative Banks                                                       RBI

Cost Accountants                                                           ICWAI

Credit Rating Agencies                                                 SEBI

Custodial Services                                                         SEBI

Debenture Trustees                                                     SEBI

Depositories                                                                   SEBI

Depository Participants                                               SEBI/NSDL/CDSL

Foreign Investment Institutions                                SEBI

Housing Finance Companies                                       NHB

Insurance Brokers/ Agents                                        IRDA

Insurance Companies                                                  IRDA

Investment Bankers (Merchant Bankers)               SEBI

Investor Associations                                                  SEBI

Media (Newspapers, Magazines, TV)                        MIB

Mutual Funds & Asset Management Companies     SEBI

Mutual Fund Brokers/ Agents                                    AMFI/SEBI

Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs)             RBI

Nidhi Companies                                                           MCA

Plantation Companies                                                  SEBI

Portfolio Managers                                                       SEBI

Registrars & Share Transfer Agents                          SEBI

Stock Brokers                                                                SEBI/Stock Exchange

Stock Exchanges                                                           SEBI

Sub-Brokers                                                                  SEBI

Venture Capital Funds                                                 SEBI

 

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the Ultimate Institute for Stock Market NCFM Course in Hyderabad, NISM Training in Hyderabad Ameerpet, Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

Source: www.nseindia.com

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Types of Shares : Stock Market : NCFM Course Training in Hyderabad

Expert Technical Analysis Training by AS Chakravarthy - NISM NCFM Academy Hyderabad

Types of Shares : Stock Market : NISM

NCFM Courses in Hyderabad

Stock Market : Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad

Most companies only ever have one type of shares (or class of share).  The shares are commonly called ordinary shares and will be the ones the company was incorporated with.

However, in general, if a company has more than one type of share the main differences between them will be found in one or more of the following areas:

Entitlement to dividends: Shares may have the right to normal dividends, preferential dividends (that is, the right to be paid a dividend before other share classes), a dividend only in certain circumstances or no dividends at all.

Entitlement to capital on winding up: If the company is dissolved any assets left after the company’s debts are paid can be distributed to shareholders. However, different share classes may have different rights to capital distribution – with some shares ranking first and others only paid if sufficient assets remain after others have received their full distribution of capital.

Voting rights: Usually, this is as simple as shares either carrying voting rights or not. However, weighted or tiered voting rights are also possible – so, for example, shares may carry extra voting rights in certain circumstances or on certain important matters affecting the company.

Types of Shares as below:

 1. Ordinary shares

These carry no special rights or restrictions.  They rank after preference shares as regards dividends and return of capital but carry voting rights (usually one vote per share) not normally given to holders of preference shares (unless their preferential dividend is in arrears).

Some companies create more than one class of ordinary shares – e.g. “A Ordinary Shares”, “B Ordinary shares” etc. This gives flexibility for different dividends to be paid to different shareholders or, for example, for pre-emption rights to apply to some shares but not others.

2. Deferred ordinary shares

A company can issue shares which will not pay a dividend until all other classes of shares have received a minimum dividend. Thereafter they will usually be fully participating.  On a winding up they will only receive something once every other entitlement has been met.

3. Non-voting ordinary shares

Voting rights on ordinary shares may be restricted in some way – e.g. they only carry voting rights if certain conditions are met. Alternatively, they may carry no voting rights at all.  They may also preclude the shareholder even attending a General Meeting. In all other respects they will have the same rights as ordinary shares.

4. Redeemable shares

The terms of redeemable shares give the company the option to buy them back in the future; occasionally, the shareholder may (also) have the option to sell them back to the company, although that’s much less common.

The option may arise at or after a specific date, between two dates or be effective at any time the shares are in issue. The redemption price is usually the same as the issue price, but can be set differently. A company can only redeem shares out of profits or the proceeds of a new share issue, which may restrict its ability to redeem shares even if the directors would like to exercise the option.

If a company chooses to have redeemable shares, it must also have non-redeemable shares in issue. At no point can all of its share capital be made up of redeemable shares.

5. Preference shares

These shares are called preference or preferred since they have a right to receive a fixed amount of dividend every year.  This is received ahead of ordinary shareholders.  The amount of the dividend is usually expressed as a percentage of the nominal value.  So, aRs.10, 5% preference share will pay an annual dividend of Rs.0.50. The full entitlement will be paid every year unless the distributable reserves are insufficient to pay all or even some of it.  On a winding up, the holders of preference shares are usually entitled to any arrears of dividends and their capital ahead of ordinary shareholders.  Preference shares are usually non-voting (or only have a vote only when their dividend is in arrears).

6. Cumulative preference shares

If the dividend is missed or not paid in full then the shortfall will be made good when the company next has sufficient distributable reserves.  It follows that ordinary shareholders will not receive any dividends until all the arrears on cumulative preference shares have been paid.

By default, preference shares are cumulative but many companies also issue non-cumulative preference shares.

7. Redeemable preference shares

Redeemable preference shares combine the features of preference shares and redeemable shares. The shareholder, therefore, benefits from the preferential right to dividends (which may be cumulative or non-cumulative) while the company retains the ability to redeem the shares on pre-agreed terms in the future.

AS Chakravarthy NCFM Academy Hyderabad is the pioneer Institute for Stock Market NISM NCFM Courses in Hyderabad, Stock Market Courses Training in Hyderabad, Technical Analysis Course in Hyderabad, Ameerpet, Telangana.

Source: https://www.informdirect.co.uk

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