Futures Market Terminology : Stock Market: NISM Course in Hyderabad
Derivatives divided in to Futures , Options and Swaps. In Future market we generally used the following Futures Market Terminology as below:
- Spot price: The price at which an underlying asset trades in the spot market.
- Futures price: The price that is agreed upon at the time of the contract for the delivery of an asset at a specific future date.
- Contract cycle: It is the period over which a contract trades. The index futures contracts on the NSE have one-month, two-month and three-month expiry cycles which expire on the last Thursday of the month. Thus a January expiration contract expires on the last Thursday of January and a February expiration contract ceases trading on the last Thursday of February. On the Friday following the last Thursday, a new contract having a three-month expiry is introduced for trading.
- Expiry date: is the date on which the final settlement of the contract takes place.
- Contract size: The amount of asset that has to be delivered under one contract. This is also called as the lot size.
- Basis: Basis is defined as the futures price minus the spot price. There will be a different basis for each delivery month for each contract. In a normal market, basis will be positive. This reflects that futures prices normally exceed spot prices.
- Cost of carry: Measures the storage cost plus the interest that is paid to finance the asset less the income earned on the asset.
- Initial margin: The amount that must be deposited in the margin account at the time a futures contract is first entered into is known as initial margin.
- Marking-to-market: In the futures market, at the end of each trading day, the margin account is adjusted to reflect the investor’s gain or loss depending upon the futures closing price. This is called marking-to-market.
- Maintenance margin: Investors are required to place margins with their trading members before they are allowed to trade. If the balance in the margin account falls below the maintenance margin, the investor receives a margin call and is expected to top up the margin account to the initial margin level before trading commences on the next day.
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