Types of Investors
Both retail and institutional investors participate in primary market issues. The following are the various categories of investors who buy securities in the primary markets:
=> Resident individuals
=> Hindu undivided family (HUF)
=> Minors through guardians
=> Registered societies and clubs
=> Non-resident Indians (NRI)
=> Persons of Indian Origin (PIO)
=> Qualified Foreign investors (QFI)
=> Financial institutions
=> Association of persons
=> Partnership firms
=> Foreign institutional investors (FIIs)
=> Limited Liability Partnerships (LLP)
Individual investors are further categorized based on the amount invested as retail, who invests less than Rs. 2 lakhs in a single issue and non-institutional buyers (NIBs), who invest more than Rs. 2 lakhs in a single issue. The other categories of investors are classified as institutional investors and are also known as qualified institutional buyers (QIBs), Some securities may be available only to specific categories of investors. The information about who can purchase securities being offered is provided in the offer document.
Investors require a PAN card issued by the Income Tax authorities to be able to apply in a primary market issue of securities. If the securities are to be issued in only dematerialized form, then the investor needs to mention the demat account details in the application form.
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