The Cash Market settlement process begins as soon as memberís obligations are determined through the clearing process. The clearing banks and depositories provide the necessary interface between the custodians/clearing members (who clear for the trading members or their own transactions) for settlement of funds/securities obligations of trading members. The clearing corporation provides a major link between the clearing banks, clearing members and the depositories. This link ensures actual movement of funds and securities on the prescribed pay-in and payout day. The core processes involved in the settlement process are:
The cash market settlement process for transactions in securities in the CM segment of NSE is presented in the below:
Explanation: (1) Trade details from Exchange to NSCCL (real-time and end of day trade file). (2) NSCCL notifies the consummated trade details to CMs/custodians who affirm back. Based on the affirmation, NSCCL applies multilateral netting and determines obligations. (3) Download of obligation and pay-in advice of funds/securities. (4) Instructions to clearing banks to make funds available by pay-in time. (5) Instructions to depositories to make securities available by pay-in time. (6) Pay-in of securities (NSCCL advises depository to debit pool account of custodians/CMs and credit its account and depository does it). (7) Pay-in of funds (NSCCL advises Clearing Banks to debit account of custodians/CMs and credit its account and clearing bank does it). (8) Pay-out of securities (NSCCL advises depository to credit pool account of custodians/CMs and debit its account and depository does it). (9) Pay-out of funds (NSCCL advises Clearing Banks to credit account of custodians/CMs and debit its account and clearing bank does it). (10) Depository informs custodians/CMs through DPs. (11) Clearing Banks inform custodians/CMs.
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Source: www.nseindia side.com
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